Consistency in use of terminology is an important requirement for clear communication in any field of science. In contrast to the basically homogeneous terminology of bacterial and fungal diseases, in the nomenclature of parasitic diseases or infections different names are being used with varying frequency for denoting the same disease entity, such as trypanosomosis and trypanosomiasis, fasciolosis and fascioliasis, etc. The existing usage of inconsistent disease terminology induced the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology to initiate codification of simple rules of formation of names to denote parasitic infections. This guideline was published in 1988 as the Standardised Nomenclature of Animal Parasitic Diseases (SNOAPAD)1. Though the SNOAPAD initiatives were originally meant for those working in veterinary parasitology, the proposal was found sensible, and endorsed in 1990 by the World Federation of Parasitologists for adoption for all parasitic infections. Therefore, the reference to 'Animal' was dropped, thereby changing the acronym to SNOPAD2. An overview of the SNOPAD history, and a study on the impact of the use of different disease names as database-search terms on yields of data are presented in two recent publications3,4.
In the following the principles of SNOPAD are briefly summarized.
For further details the original guideline should be consulted which contains a taxonomic and an alphabetic list of 374 standard names of parasitic diseases1.
Members can place advertisements for scientist position (including post-doctoral fellowships and for post-graduate students. These will expire after 90 days but can then be renewed.